07.05.2021

125th anniversary of the cinema / Swiss Post

 

This first day letter is a gift from my sister. In December 2020, the cinema celebrated its 125th anniversary. Thanks to the Swiss Post, I was reminded of this. The birthday party was bigger 25 years ago ...

I love these stamps illustrated by Michael Stünzi. Cinema culture changed in the 125 years of its existence. On the left stamp a scene with the projector used by the Lumières is shown, in the middle can be seen classic rolls of film, and on the right there is a digitally presented 3D experience. The cinema audience wears the fashion of the respective era.

I like the creative idea that everyone is sitting in the same two rows, connected through the times (look at the different chairs!) - and printed as stamps together. Maybe the girl left is the older woman in the middle. And the man with the mustache in the middle could be the old man on the right (without the 3D-glasses). The projectionists were not forgotten either. Even if I would have liked it better if the woman in the middle had worn dungarees...

You can see on the envelope a cinema-building in the three ages with people also showing on the stamps. At all, you can tell little stories with these little pictures.

Times are changing and the cinema as a place looking films together will continue. Hopefully! Let's be creative!

01.05.2021

Real Cinema in Madrid / Spain

 

Real Cinema Madrid postcard

The Real Cinema was a movie theater located in Plaza de Isabel II, close to the Teatro Real and the Royal Palace. It opened on May 15, 1920, and was inaugurated by King Alfonso XIII with the screening of the film Francia Pintoresca, El cuarto número 23, La hija del Plata and Vacaciones de Solly. With a capacity for 1000 seats and 54 boxes, it became one of the largest cinemas in Spain.

The cinema was designed by architect Teodore de Anasagasti. He was also the architect of two other Madrid cinemas: the Monumental Cinema (1923, now Teatro Monumental) and El Cisne / Chueca.

In 1923, an outdoor cinema was installed on the roof of the Real Cinema, with a capacity for 800 people.

In 1931, the Spanish Second Republic began and the cinema’s name was changed to Cine de Opera. At the start of the Spanish Civil War, a bomb caused incendiary damage to the building. The cinema re-opened in 1943.

The building was renovated between 1964 and 1965. In 1967 the cinema was remodelled to become the Cinerama for the screening of 70 mm films and the auditorium was later remodelled to accommodate 1400 seats.

In 1992, the company that owns the building hired architect Gilbert Lopez-Atalaya to renovate, so that there would be a new multiplex of four auditoriums, the largest auditorium having 400 seats and the other auditoriums totalling 670 seats.

In 2020 it was completely demolished. Today there is a hotel.

The postcard is from a postcard book, there is a perforation on the left to make it easier to tear off. You can read below the name Real Cinema "Empresa Sagarra" - the name of the cinema company. Unfortuntally, it is not possible to read the names of the advertised films.

Cinema Burg Vogelsang in Schleiden / Germany

 

Cinema Burg Vogelsang Schleiden postcard
The Cinema on castle Vogelsang is the low building with the writing Cinema. It was built in the 1950s.
In 1934, the construction of the castle Vogelsang started as one of three so called Ordensburg for training the next generation of leaders of the NSDAP.
After the Second World War, the complex was taken over by the British army, who set up the military training area on 6354 hectares in the surrounding area. From 1950 to the end of 2005 the Belgian military used the area as a military training area and built other buildings on the site of the former Ordensburg. The already completed base and outer walls of the Haus des Wissens (House of Knowledge) planned by the National Socialists were used for the construction of the soldiers' accommodation Van Dooren, so that the angled architectural style is similar to the construction of the buildings from the Nazi era. The Belgian military cinema (later a theater) was built on the neighboring foundation of a planned auditorium. 
The castle has been under monument protection since 1989. In 2016, the Vogelsang International Place with the Nazi documentation Vogelsang and the Eifel National Park Center opened.
The cinema was reopened in 2012. The hall with about 200 seats has been renovated and now shines in the splendor of the 1950s.

25.04.2021

Schauburg St. Pauli in Hamburg / Germany

In the course of time there were a total of 12 cinemas called Schauburg in Hamburg. The Schauburg on the postcard is Schauburg St. Pauli  - also called Schauburg am Millerntor

On February 24, 1927, the Schauburg am Millerntor opened directly next to the Trichter dance hall on the Reeperbahn. The Schauburg was designed by the architect Carl Winand (1879-1955) in the style of the New Objectivity and had 1,800 seats. The cinema was opened with the film Laster der Menschheit / The Vice of Himanity (Germany 1926), directed by Rudolf Meinert starring Asta Nielsen. She herself was there on this evening. The newspaper wrote: "In precious garb, with a gold ribbon stretched over her forehead, she deigned to watch the game on the white wall from the rank box in the company of her male state."

The first sound film was shown here in Hamburg on January 23, 1929. It was the German film Ich küsse Ihre Hand, Madame / I kiss your hand, Madame with Marlene Dietrich.

The Schauburg was destroyed in an air raid on May 4, 1942. 

Today there isn't any cinema called Schauburg in Hamburg.

On the postcard you can see advertising for the film Die große und die kleine Welt above the entrance and next to the door with Viktor de Kowa and Heinrich George, directed by Johannes Riemann. The film came on March 20, 1936 to German cinemas.

The postcard was sent to the Döhnert siblings from Hamburg to Dresden in 1938. Döhnert was a piano manufacturer in Dresden and the family lived in this house

23.04.2021

Strandbühne in Kühlungsborn / Germany

Strandbühne Kühlungsborn postcard 1959

 Kühlungsborn has the longest beach promenade in Germany. And there you could find the cinema Strandbühne (Beach Stage). It opened in 1937, planed by the architect Hinrich Plähn. The building was used as a theater and cinema with 399 seats.

A year later, the Reichsstatthalter in Mecklenburg, Friedrich Hildebrandt, awards the municipality the town charter and the name Ostseebad Kühlungsborn in this building.

The postcard was published in 1959, showing the 1958 reconstructed cinema (now with 435 seats). 

The cinema was closed in the 1990s, a restaurant was opened. 

22.04.2021

Mestni kino Metropol in Celje / Slovenia

The city Celje is located 70 km  northeast of the Slovenian capital Ljubljana. The celts were here. And it is still a place worth visiting - also because of its cinema.

The Mestni Kino Metropol (City Cinema Metropol) opened in 1936. Its architect was Jože Plečnik. Plečnik (1827-1957) is a famous Slovenian architect, he worked also in Vienna and in Prague. The back of this postcard reminds of him. The photo on the postcard shows the cinema during the Domestic Film Festival in 1978. But the postcard is from the 2020s.

On July 7, 2004, the Filter Creativity Society took over the management of the closed Mestni kino Metropol. The cinema Metropol is now dedicated to domestic, European and independent film. A big vision for a little cinema with 288 seats in one hall. 
In April 2016, cinema Metropol was the cinema of the month on FilmNewEurope.com.

Here you can read more about the history of cinema in Celje.


18.04.2021

Kolizey in Yekaterinburg / Russia

cinema Kolizey Yekaterinburg postcard

The cinema Kolizey (Coliseum) is (or was?) the oldest cinema in Yekaterinburg. The house was built in 1845 as the City Theater, the architect was Karl Tursky (1801-1884). The first cinema screening in Yekaterinburg took place in this house on November 7, 1896. A board on the building remembers this.

In 1914, there was opened the cinema Kolizey. After the 1917 revolution, the cinema was renamed October. In 1968, when the Salut cinema burned down, the October cinema was specialized as a children's cinema.

The historical name was returned in 2002 after the last reconstruction with 2 halls (280 and 33 seats).

When the photo was taken, cinema advertised the movie Garfield 2 (USA, 2006).

The cinema has closed for reconstruction since January 2019.

Dom Kino in Yekaterinburg / Russia

Yekaterinburg Dom Kino postcard 2006

Cinema Dom Kino (House of Cinema) is not the big new house in the foreground.  It's the higher house on the left. You can see a billboard for the movie Девушка из воды / Lady in the Water (USA, 2006) there. (But I bought this postcard with the inscription on the backyard "Dom Kino" ...)

Dom Kino belongs to the Sverdlovsk Regional Organization of the Union of Cinematographers of the Russian Federation and was opened on April 2, 1983. The architect was V.V. Permyakov.
The sculpture Muse Cinema is located above the entrance, created by Andrey Antonov.

There are two halls in the cinema: the big one with 269 seats and the small one with 53 seats.
Today it is one of the most important cultural centers of Yekaterinburg, where major creative and social events, Russian and international film festivals were held. 

It would be glad about a better postcard with this interesting place ... But I am glad finding a Wikipedia-site only for cinemas in Yekaterinburg. Отлично.

Velikan in Sankt-Peterburg / Russia

 

Saint Petersburg Leningrad cinema Velikan postcard 1954
Cinema Velikan (in English: Giant) was built in the end of the 19th century and was used as The People's House of Emperor Nicholas II. Architect was Alexander N. Pomarentsev (1849-1918), he is famous for the GUM department store in Moscow

The People's House was a publicly accessible cultural and educational institution in pre-revolutionary Russia (and not only in Russia). They contained libraries, theaters and restaurants and served above all for adult education for both workers and the middle class.  There were 20 people's houses in Saint Petersburg before 1917. In this building there was also an opera hall.

After the revolution of 1917, the people's houses retained their functions under the control of the new government - they became Workers' clubs, Houses of culture and Palaces of culture.

From the first days of the 1917 revolution, the People's House began to be used for various meetings. In May 1917, the 1st All-Russian Congress of Peasant Deputies met here, at which on May 22 V.I.Lenin delivered a big speech on the agrarian question. In 1918, a meeting was held here in honor of Karl Liebknecht's release from prison. In 1919 the city was named Petrograd and the People's House was named after Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg.

On August 15, 1924 - now the city was named Leningrad - in this building the largest cinema in the USSR Velikan was opened. It accommodated about 2800 spectators. From 1950 till 1970 it was used as a music hall, and from 1959 till 1978 as a cinema again. 

To demonstrate stereoscopic films, the concert hall of the cinema with 211 seats was converted into Theater Stereokino in 1955.

The postcard is from this time (published in 1954). You can read "Поют - singing" on the ads, but nothing connected with cinema on the picture. There is only written on the backyard: Ленинград кинотеатр "Великан" - Leningrad cinema "Velikan".

On January 1, 1978, the cinema was closed for renovations and alterations of the stage to accommodate a music hall. In May 1988 the Music Hall was opened in this building and and still welcomes its guests to this day.

10.04.2021

Leningrad in Sankt-Peterburg / Russia

 

Cinema Leningrad Sankt Peterburg postcard 1959
Wikipedia knows:

The house was built in 1910-1914 according to the project of the architect Nikolai N. Ignatiev as an exhibition pavilion of the Imperial Russian Society of Horticulture in the Tavrichesky Garden quarter. In 1955-1956 it was reconstructed into a cinema by the project of the architect I. I. Chashnik. The cinema was opened on November 5, 1958. It was one of the first large-scale projects in this segment. The hall was equipped with a panoramic screen 28 meters wide and 10 meters high, as well as stereo sound.

The cinema had three halls: a hall with a panoramic screen with 1128 seats, Green Hall with 200 seats as a feature film hall and Blue Hall with 200 seats for popular science movies.

The loudest premieres took place here. For a long time Leningrad set the tone for the city's cultural life. By the end of the 20th century, the technical side of the cinema hall became obsolete, and the cinema life of the city moved to shopping and entertainment centers. In 2004 the cinema was closed.

After the reconstruction of the building by Ricardo Bofill in 2014, the Leningrad Center Show Space was opened in the building of the former Leningrad cinema. The art director of the show space is Felix Mikhailov, a well-known Russian theater, film and television director, screenwriter and producer. The repertoire of the show space includes large-scale performances at the intersection of various types of art: theater, musical, circus, ballet, kinetic art, puppet theater, video installations and 3D-mapping. In January 2018, regular film screenings were revived.

The postcard was published in 1959.

Here you can know more about cinemas in Sankt Peterburg.

Salyut in Dnipro / Ukraine

 

Cinema Salyut Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk postcard 1982
Dnipro is since 2016 the name of the Ukrainian city Dnipropetrovsk - like it is written on this 1982 published postcard. I find it remarkable that only the Russian name of the city is printed on the postcard - not the Ukrainian name ...

Cinema Salyut was opened in the spring of 1976 and was presented as a gift to the city for its 200th anniversary (celebrated in May 1976). The cinema was designed for 800 seats.  At the beginning of the 2000s, the cinema was reconstructed and preserved. But the movie has not been shown in it for more than ten years. The building is now abandoned. 

The name refers to the Soviet Salyut programme - the first space station programme, undertaken by the Soviet Union. It involved a series of four crewed scientific research space stations and two crewed military reconnaissance space stations over a period of 15 years, from 1971 to 1986. 

To the left of the entrance you can see advertising for the film Осенний марафон / Autumn Marathon, a 1979 Soviet romantic comedy-drama directed by Georgiy Daneliya and winner of some international awards.

Here you can read more about cinemas in Dnipro.

05.04.2021

Rodina in Birobidzhan / Russia

 

Birobidzhan cinema Rodina postcard 1971
Birobidzhan is a town and the administrative center of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Russia, located on the Trans-Siberian Railway, near the China-Russia border. It has 75,413 inhabitants and its official language is Yiddish.

In the thirties, when the construction of the region was in full swing, residents were eagerly awaiting the appearance of a cinema house. The construction of the building was completed in 1937.

Its first name was "Genrikh Kazakevich ”- given in honor of the famous cultural figure Genrikh Kazakevich (1883–1935). Then the name changed Birobidzhan, and now Rodina

In 2002, the building of the cinema - one of the oldest in the city - was completely reconstructed. The cinema has two halls: “Black” with 98 seats and “Red” with 170 seats. In the cinema Rodina, there are showing films in Yiddish, Russian and English.

The postcard is from 1971. Unfortunately, it isn't possible to read the films advertised.

Cinema "G.I. Kotovsky" in Bălți / Moldova

 

Cinema Kotovsky Balti postcard
Cinema Kotovsky was put into operation in 1973, and it became the largest in Moldova. It had two halls: the main one for 1200 seats and the small one for 350 spectators. There were widescreen and stereo sound.

The cinema was named after Grigory Kotovsky (1881-1925), a Soviet military, born in the Bessarabia Governorate.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the cinema began to fade away. But in 2001 it got a second life - it was acquired by a private company from the capital, re-equipped according to modern requirements and given a new name Patria. And in 2015 it closed - low attendance made its operation unprofitable.

Here you can find more information about cinemas in Bălți.

04.04.2021

Oktyabr in Taganrog/Russia

 

cinema Oktyabr in Taganrok postcard 1969
On skif_tags journal I found a wonderful article with great photos about cinema Oktyabr / October in Taganrog. Here is a part translated into English: 

"The cinema Oktyabr appeared in our city in 1937, to the 20th anniversary of the Great October Revolution, the main holiday of the country of the Soviets.
This was a typical project of the work of the talented architect Viktor Petrovich Kalmykov (1908-1981), who in the early 30s became famous for his futuristic project Saturniy (an international space city built on artificial rings encircling the earth)

But, the architect's real success can be considered his projects of typical cinemas, made in the style of constructivism. Suffice it to say that out of 60 cinemas built from 1935 to 1940 in various cities of the RSFSR, 50 were realized according to the projects of V.P. Kalmykov. For the anniversary of the revolution, cinemas similar to our Oktyabr appeared in many cities of the Soviet Union (Kirov, Frunse, Omsk).

Under German occupation in World War II between 1941 and 1943, the cinema continued to work and considered to soldiers. A musical group under the direction of Makarov performed in front of the audience in the foyer, and on weekends, local residents, everyone who wished, were allowed to see the sessions.

The cinema had two halls, a large one and a small one. A newsreel was shown in the small hall, and when the large hall was vacated, people from the small hall passed into the large one, which was through the wall. And the entire wall was pasted over with movie posters of past years from floor to ceiling. And it was the foremost entertainment to play the game find such and such a movie.
The main feature of the large hall was the gradually fading light. This was not the case in any other cinema in the city."

In 2007 the cinema was closed and the building is used for an alcohol market now ...

Here I found more pictures and information about cinemas in Taganrog. I am really surprised to found in this city of 258 000 inhabitants not only one big enthusiast of history and cinemas.

The postcard was published in 1969. Unfortunately, it isn't possible to read the films advertised.





14.03.2021

Kino International in Berlin/Germany - "Königin der Wildnis" + "Eine total, total verrückte Welt"

 

Kino international Berlin postcard 1974

This postcard is a unique piece in my collection of postcards showing the Kino International in Berlin. It was published in the USSR in 1974 and sold for 3 kopeks. Maybe, it was a portfolio of postcards and sold in the shops for the members of the Soviet Army and their families in East Germany (so called magazines).


Two films are advertised on the large poster at the cinema:

- Königin der Wildnis - Born free, the great British movie about the lion Elsa (directed by James Hill, 1966) and

- Eine total, total verrückte Welt - It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (directed by Stanley Kramer, USA 1963).

The first one came to East German cinemas on 4 July 1969, the second one on 2 August 1968. Maybe it was a rerelease of these movies about 1974 (when the postcard was published).

Cinéma Casino in Tébessa / Algeria

  

Cinéma Casino Tébessa Algeria postcard

This postcard is from the 1950s. The building was a multi-purpose event venue, also used as a cinema and casino. Most recently it was called Cinéma Maghreb and closed forever in 2018.

26.02.2021

L'Empire Cinéma in Fès / Morocco

 

L'empire cinema Fes Morocco postcard postcard

The construction of the L'Empire Cinéma in Fès began in the summer of 1931 with the Empire-Jardin, an outdoor cinema venue. The architect of the cinema with 1800seats was François Robert (born in 1902 in Charleville), who worked for the company Balima and designed for it the Balima hotels in Rabat and Ifrane, as well as other buildings on avenue Mohammed V in Rabat and around it. 
Mr. Joseph Seiberras from Malta (1886-1942) was the owner not only of this emblematic cinema of the colonial period in Morocco, but also of forty other cinemas built at the time in Algeria and Morocco.
The cinema was closed in 2012, demolished and replaced by the Mégarama Fès, a multiplex cinema.

About the history of cinemas in Fès look here.




18.01.2021

Gloria in Weissenfels/Germany

 

Gloria Weissenfels cinema postcard 1928
I met the Gloria cinema in Weissenfels in summer 2013. On the way to the holidays destination on the Unstrut river, we got off the train with our bikes in Weissenfels. And immediately came across this impressive building (look the train on the postcard). It's a big box, unfortunately empty for many years.
The Gloria has had better days. It was opened on October 18, 1928. The architect was Carl Fugmann. The remarkable building in the Bauhaus style impresses with its nested cubes, slotted windows with originally preserved lattice division and a corner structure with brick strips. The neon sign Gloria was placed directly on the street. The cinema had 1.200 seats and was also used for congresses and variety events. It was already equipped with modern air conditioning and red plush armchairs.
It is a really big cinema for a city with 40.000 inhabitants. But Weissenfels is (or was?) an important industrial city, famous for shoe manufacturing and the food industry.
In 1991, the UFA-Theater AG took over the cinema. In 1994 a discotheque moved into the building, which had to close three years later. The building was emergency secured in 2019. And it is a listed historical monument. It was never parted in smaller halls.
The postcard was printed shortly after the opening. You can see at the cinema advertising for the film Dulderin Weib / Tesha with Maria Corda. This film was released in German cinemas in 1928. 
The postcard was sent in October 1943. Pierre wrote to his wife Suzan. He was a French slave laborer in Weissenfels and worked in a factory that was on the same street as the cinema. He walked past the cinema every day. I hope Pierre and Suzan saw each other again ...
I met another cinema designed by Carl Fugmann in my next holidays, the Centralkino in Wittenberg.
Vielen Dank an Greta, die mir die Postkarte übersetzte!

06.01.2021

Kino International in Berlin/Germany - "Die Perle" 1964

 

Kino International Berlin postcard 1964

This is already my 25th postcard showing Kino International in Berlin (counted according to the poster motif). The postcard is extra large (21,4 cm x 10,3 cm) and was sold with an envelope. It was made by Graphokopie H. Sander K.G. Berlin and was published by Berlin Werbung Berolina.

The poster on the cinema building advertises the film Die Perle / The Pearl / La perla - a 1947 Mexican-American film directed by Emilio Fernández. It is based on the 1947 novella The Pearl by John Steinbeck, who also co-wrote the screenplay.

The film came to East German cinemas on May 26, 1964. It was shown already August 12, 1950 in the West German cinemas with the titel Mexikanische Romanze - but only 77 min of total 85 min.

In 2002, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

The poster was designed by Horst Klöpfel.


01.01.2021

Cinema Teatro in Asmara / Eritrea

 

Cinema Teatro Asmara postcard

Cinema Teatro in Asmara - today Teatro Asmara - is a late eclectic historicism building in Asmara, the capital of Eritrea, and part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site  Asmara: A Modernist City of Africa.

The building was designed as an opera house and was completed in 1920 according to plans by Odoardo Cavagnari (1868–1920). The design of the immediate area could no longer be completed, as the sponsoring company went bankrupt in 1924. 

The as yet unused area in the vicinity of the opera house fell to the state, which sold it to investors in 1927, who built shops and a dance hall here 10 years later. The opera house itself has been converted into a cinema. Since then, there has been a café in the foyer. The building was used as a cinema until 1957.

After the federation of Eritrea and Ethiopia in 1952, under pressure from the Ethiopian viceroy, the building was sold to the state by the Italian owners at a price that was far below its value, and according to other sources, it was sold to a son-in-law of the then Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie. 

After Eritrea gained independence in 1991/93, it was transferred to the state property of the new state. The main office of the national telephone provider Eritel is located in a side building and the actual opera house is occasionally used as a theater.

In Asmara there are still other worth seeing cinemas like Cinema Impero, Cinema Roma and Cinema Odeon.