Schauburg St. Pauli in Hamburg / Germany

In the course of time there were a total of 12 cinemas called Schauburg in Hamburg. The Schauburg on the postcard is Schauburg St. Pauli  - also called Schauburg am Millerntor

On February 24, 1927, the Schauburg am Millerntor opened directly next to the Trichter dance hall on the Reeperbahn. The Schauburg was designed by the architect Carl Winand (1879-1955) in the style of the New Objectivity and had 1,800 seats. The cinema was opened with the film Laster der Menschheit / The Vice of Himanity (Germany 1926), directed by Rudolf Meinert starring Asta Nielsen. She herself was there on this evening. The newspaper wrote: "In precious garb, with a gold ribbon stretched over her forehead, she deigned to watch the game on the white wall from the rank box in the company of her male state."

The first sound film was shown here in Hamburg on January 23, 1929. It was the German film Ich küsse Ihre Hand, Madame / I kiss your hand, Madame with Marlene Dietrich.

The Schauburg was destroyed in an air raid on May 4, 1942. 

Today there isn't any cinema called Schauburg in Hamburg.

On the postcard you can see advertising for the film Die große und die kleine Welt above the entrance and next to the door with Viktor de Kowa and Heinrich George, directed by Johannes Riemann. The film came on March 20, 1936 to German cinemas.

The postcard was sent to the Döhnert siblings from Hamburg to Dresden in 1938. Döhnert was a piano manufacturer in Dresden and the family lived in this house


Strandbühne in Kühlungsborn / Germany

Strandbühne Kühlungsborn postcard 1959

 Kühlungsborn has the longest beach promenade in Germany. And there you could find the cinema Strandbühne (Beach Stage). It opened in 1937, planed by the architect Hinrich Plähn. The building was used as a theater and cinema with 399 seats.

A year later, the Reichsstatthalter in Mecklenburg, Friedrich Hildebrandt, awards the municipality the town charter and the name Ostseebad Kühlungsborn in this building.

The postcard was published in 1959, showing the 1958 reconstructed cinema (now with 435 seats). 

The cinema was closed in the 1990s, a restaurant was opened. 


Mestni kino Metropol in Celje / Slovenia

The city Celje is located 70 km  northeast of the Slovenian capital Ljubljana. The celts were here. And it is still a place worth visiting - also because of its cinema.

The Mestni Kino Metropol (City Cinema Metropol) opened in 1936. Its architect was Jože Plečnik. Plečnik (1827-1957) is a famous Slovenian architect, he worked also in Vienna and in Prague. The back of this postcard reminds of him. The photo on the postcard shows the cinema during the Domestic Film Festival in 1978. But the postcard is from the 2020s.

On July 7, 2004, the Filter Creativity Society took over the management of the closed Mestni kino Metropol. The cinema Metropol is now dedicated to domestic, European and independent film. A big vision for a little cinema with 288 seats in one hall. 
In April 2016, cinema Metropol was the cinema of the month on FilmNewEurope.com.

Here you can read more about the history of cinema in Celje.


Kolizey in Yekaterinburg / Russia

cinema Kolizey Yekaterinburg postcard

The cinema Kolizey (Coliseum) is (or was?) the oldest cinema in Yekaterinburg. The house was built in 1845 as the City Theater, the architect was Karl Tursky (1801-1884). The first cinema screening in Yekaterinburg took place in this house on November 7, 1896. A board on the building remembers this.

In 1914, there was opened the cinema Kolizey. After the 1917 revolution, the cinema was renamed October. In 1968, when the Salut cinema burned down, the October cinema was specialized as a children's cinema.

The historical name was returned in 2002 after the last reconstruction with 2 halls (280 and 33 seats).

When the photo was taken, cinema advertised the movie Garfield 2 (USA, 2006).

The cinema has closed for reconstruction since January 2019.

Dom Kino in Yekaterinburg / Russia

Yekaterinburg Dom Kino postcard 2006

Cinema Dom Kino (House of Cinema) is not the big new house in the foreground.  It's the higher house on the left. You can see a billboard for the movie Девушка из воды / Lady in the Water (USA, 2006) there. (But I bought this postcard with the inscription on the backyard "Dom Kino" ...)

Dom Kino belongs to the Sverdlovsk Regional Organization of the Union of Cinematographers of the Russian Federation and was opened on April 2, 1983. The architect was V.V. Permyakov.
The sculpture Muse Cinema is located above the entrance, created by Andrey Antonov.

There are two halls in the cinema: the big one with 269 seats and the small one with 53 seats.
Today it is one of the most important cultural centers of Yekaterinburg, where major creative and social events, Russian and international film festivals were held. 

It would be glad about a better postcard with this interesting place ... But I am glad finding a Wikipedia-site only for cinemas in Yekaterinburg. Отлично.

Velikan in Sankt-Peterburg / Russia


Saint Petersburg Leningrad cinema Velikan postcard 1954
Cinema Velikan (in English: Giant) was built in the end of the 19th century and was used as The People's House of Emperor Nicholas II. Architect was Alexander N. Pomarentsev (1849-1918), he is famous for the GUM department store in Moscow

The People's House was a publicly accessible cultural and educational institution in pre-revolutionary Russia (and not only in Russia). They contained libraries, theaters and restaurants and served above all for adult education for both workers and the middle class.  There were 20 people's houses in Saint Petersburg before 1917. In this building there was also an opera hall.

After the revolution of 1917, the people's houses retained their functions under the control of the new government - they became Workers' clubs, Houses of culture and Palaces of culture.

From the first days of the 1917 revolution, the People's House began to be used for various meetings. In May 1917, the 1st All-Russian Congress of Peasant Deputies met here, at which on May 22 V.I.Lenin delivered a big speech on the agrarian question. In 1918, a meeting was held here in honor of Karl Liebknecht's release from prison. In 1919 the city was named Petrograd and the People's House was named after Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg.

On August 15, 1924 - now the city was named Leningrad - in this building the largest cinema in the USSR Velikan was opened. It accommodated about 2800 spectators. From 1950 till 1970 it was used as a music hall, and from 1959 till 1978 as a cinema again. 

To demonstrate stereoscopic films, the concert hall of the cinema with 211 seats was converted into Theater Stereokino in 1955.

The postcard is from this time (published in 1954). You can read "Поют - singing" on the ads, but nothing connected with cinema on the picture. There is only written on the backyard: Ленинград кинотеатр "Великан" - Leningrad cinema "Velikan".

On January 1, 1978, the cinema was closed for renovations and alterations of the stage to accommodate a music hall. In May 1988 the Music Hall was opened in this building and and still welcomes its guests to this day.


Leningrad in Sankt-Peterburg / Russia


Cinema Leningrad Sankt Peterburg postcard 1959
Wikipedia knows:

The house was built in 1910-1914 according to the project of the architect Nikolai N. Ignatiev as an exhibition pavilion of the Imperial Russian Society of Horticulture in the Tavrichesky Garden quarter. In 1955-1956 it was reconstructed into a cinema by the project of the architect I. I. Chashnik. The cinema was opened on November 5, 1958. It was one of the first large-scale projects in this segment. The hall was equipped with a panoramic screen 28 meters wide and 10 meters high, as well as stereo sound.

The cinema had three halls: a hall with a panoramic screen with 1128 seats, Green Hall with 200 seats as a feature film hall and Blue Hall with 200 seats for popular science movies.

The loudest premieres took place here. For a long time Leningrad set the tone for the city's cultural life. By the end of the 20th century, the technical side of the cinema hall became obsolete, and the cinema life of the city moved to shopping and entertainment centers. In 2004 the cinema was closed.

After the reconstruction of the building by Ricardo Bofill in 2014, the Leningrad Center Show Space was opened in the building of the former Leningrad cinema. The art director of the show space is Felix Mikhailov, a well-known Russian theater, film and television director, screenwriter and producer. The repertoire of the show space includes large-scale performances at the intersection of various types of art: theater, musical, circus, ballet, kinetic art, puppet theater, video installations and 3D-mapping. In January 2018, regular film screenings were revived.

The postcard was published in 1959.

Here you can know more about cinemas in Sankt Peterburg.

Salyut in Dnipro / Ukraine


Cinema Salyut Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk postcard 1982
Dnipro is since 2016 the name of the Ukrainian city Dnipropetrovsk - like it is written on this 1982 published postcard. I find it remarkable that only the Russian name of the city is printed on the postcard - not the Ukrainian name ...

Cinema Salyut was opened in the spring of 1976 and was presented as a gift to the city for its 200th anniversary (celebrated in May 1976). The cinema was designed for 800 seats.  At the beginning of the 2000s, the cinema was reconstructed and preserved. But the movie has not been shown in it for more than ten years. The building is now abandoned. 

The name refers to the Soviet Salyut programme - the first space station programme, undertaken by the Soviet Union. It involved a series of four crewed scientific research space stations and two crewed military reconnaissance space stations over a period of 15 years, from 1971 to 1986. 

To the left of the entrance you can see advertising for the film Осенний марафон / Autumn Marathon, a 1979 Soviet romantic comedy-drama directed by Georgiy Daneliya and winner of some international awards.

Here you can read more about cinemas in Dnipro.


Rodina in Birobidzhan / Russia


Birobidzhan cinema Rodina postcard 1971
Birobidzhan is a town and the administrative center of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Russia, located on the Trans-Siberian Railway, near the China-Russia border. It has 75,413 inhabitants and its official language is Yiddish.

In the thirties, when the construction of the region was in full swing, residents were eagerly awaiting the appearance of a cinema house. The construction of the building was completed in 1937.

Its first name was "Genrikh Kazakevich ”- given in honor of the famous cultural figure Genrikh Kazakevich (1883–1935). Then the name changed Birobidzhan, and now Rodina

In 2002, the building of the cinema - one of the oldest in the city - was completely reconstructed. The cinema has two halls: “Black” with 98 seats and “Red” with 170 seats. In the cinema Rodina, there are showing films in Yiddish, Russian and English.

The postcard is from 1971. Unfortunately, it isn't possible to read the films advertised.

Cinema "G.I. Kotovsky" in Bălți / Moldova


Cinema Kotovsky Balti postcard
Cinema Kotovsky was put into operation in 1973, and it became the largest in Moldova. It had two halls: the main one for 1200 seats and the small one for 350 spectators. There were widescreen and stereo sound.

The cinema was named after Grigory Kotovsky (1881-1925), a Soviet military, born in the Bessarabia Governorate.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the cinema began to fade away. But in 2001 it got a second life - it was acquired by a private company from the capital, re-equipped according to modern requirements and given a new name Patria. And in 2015 it closed - low attendance made its operation unprofitable.

Here you can find more information about cinemas in Bălți.


Oktyabr in Taganrog/Russia


cinema Oktyabr in Taganrok postcard 1969
On skif_tags journal I found a wonderful article with great photos about cinema Oktyabr / October in Taganrog. Here is a part translated into English: 

"The cinema Oktyabr appeared in our city in 1937, to the 20th anniversary of the Great October Revolution, the main holiday of the country of the Soviets.
This was a typical project of the work of the talented architect Viktor Petrovich Kalmykov (1908-1981), who in the early 30s became famous for his futuristic project Saturniy (an international space city built on artificial rings encircling the earth)

But, the architect's real success can be considered his projects of typical cinemas, made in the style of constructivism. Suffice it to say that out of 60 cinemas built from 1935 to 1940 in various cities of the RSFSR, 50 were realized according to the projects of V.P. Kalmykov. For the anniversary of the revolution, cinemas similar to our Oktyabr appeared in many cities of the Soviet Union (Kirov, Frunse, Omsk).

Under German occupation in World War II between 1941 and 1943, the cinema continued to work and considered to soldiers. A musical group under the direction of Makarov performed in front of the audience in the foyer, and on weekends, local residents, everyone who wished, were allowed to see the sessions.

The cinema had two halls, a large one and a small one. A newsreel was shown in the small hall, and when the large hall was vacated, people from the small hall passed into the large one, which was through the wall. And the entire wall was pasted over with movie posters of past years from floor to ceiling. And it was the foremost entertainment to play the game find such and such a movie.
The main feature of the large hall was the gradually fading light. This was not the case in any other cinema in the city."

In 2007 the cinema was closed and the building is used for an alcohol market now ...

Here I found more pictures and information about cinemas in Taganrog. I am really surprised to found in this city of 258 000 inhabitants not only one big enthusiast of history and cinemas.

The postcard was published in 1969. Unfortunately, it isn't possible to read the films advertised.