The cinema Scala opened in 1929. At this times (from 1919 till 1938) the city Mukachevo in Transcarpathia was part of Czechoslovakia, later of Hungary (till 1945), then of the Soviet Union and since 1991 Ukraine.
The cinema was built in the style of modernism. It was designed by the famous Czechoslovak architect Ludovít Oelschläger (1896-1984) a native of the Slovak city of Košice. Among his works the Jewish synagogue and school in Košice, cinema Slovan in Košice, trade academy in Mukachevo (now city house of culture), Sanatorium in Tatranská Polianka, a cinema in Uzhhorod.
In Soviet times, the name Scala was changed into Перемога / Peremoha ("Victory") - as you can see above the entry on the 1958 published postcard. The cinema was renamed in the 1990s and still works. Today there are 329 places in the hall and a VIP-box on the balcony with 82 seats and separate tables.
In 1994, the Wohnungsbaugesellschaft Hellersdorf (WoGeHe - a housing association, today Stadt und Land) stretched a canvas between two steel scaffolding on Stendaler Strasse for the first time. A new open-air cinema was born. Viewers could enjoy the films free of charge from the balcony or from the space in front of the screen. Everyone brings their own chair. Balkon-Kino - Balcony cinema.
In 2005, the Balkon-Kino moved from Stendaler Strasse to Cecilienplatz, and shows four films in one season.
The postcard is a free postcard from the Wohnungsbaugesellschaft Hellersdorf, published between 1994 and 1999. I like this view of the audience.
Rüsselsheim is famous for the Opel car production. And good workers need good entertainment in their spare time. The 1962 sent postcard shows the building Friedensplatz 6 in Rüsselsheim. Honestly, it doesn't show a cinema - only neon signs for three cinemas.
Caroli was opened on Christmas Day 1955 with 407 seats, Rex was opened in 1956 with 482 seats (not far away from Friedensplatz) and closed in 2011, Regina has opened from 1957 till 1985. From 1958 all three cinemas belonged to Kurt Palm.
Kurt Palm, born in 1924 in Mainz-Gustavsburg, made his first 8mm films at a young age and initially trained as an electrician. During the Second World War he was employed as a cameraman and reporter. In 1947, he opened his first movie theater Burg-Lichtspiele (today Burglichtspiele Gustavsheim) in a 1899 built chapel.
Palm soon expanded its business activities. He owned more than twenty movie theaters and began to produce films himself. His best-known projects include the documentary Der 2. Weltkrieg / The Second World War (1982) and various erotic films. His REPA Filmproduktion GmbH was one of the most successful German film producers in the early 1970s.
Palm's busy life finished in 2013.
I publish this no-cinema-showing postcard because cinemas are not only any buildings for showing films. Making good entertainment is a hard job from Monday till Sunday, all year long, done by enthusiastic men and women and not by machines. When these people die, a piece of culture and history and their stories are also dying.
Another postcard in my collection of Kino International in Berlin. It is a view of Karl-Marx-Allee (until 1961 Stalinallee) with the cinema on the left, looking east to Strausberger Platz. The two 14-story high-rise buildings were built in the 1950s as Haus des Kindes (House of the Child) and Haus Berlin. In addition to the apartments for hundreds of workers, there was a dancing bar in Haus Berlin and in Haus des Kindes there were a puppet theater, a kindergarten, a children's department store and a children's cafe.
It wasn't easy to read the advertised movie on the poster. I could identify it with the help of the book Mehr Kunst als Werbung. Das DDR-Filmplakat by Detlef Helmbold (even if the poster does not match the illustration in the book). It is the Polish movie Die Frau, die man nie vergessen kann / Naprawdę wczoraj (Poland 1963, directed by Jan Rybkowski). This movie was released in East Germany on July 10, 1964.
The postcard was published in 1965 by Gebr. Garloff KG Magdeburg.
In October 2020 I visited Berlin and Kino International. There was a little interesting exhibition inside Pavillions für die Karl-Marx-Allee. And I heard, that Berlin's Karl-Marx-Allee should be on the Unesco World Heritage List.
I didn't see a movie there. I preferred to walk along Karl-Marx-Allee to Warschauer Strasse. I was amazed that there was so little going on on the avenue on a Saturday afternoon.
Program changes every Wednesday and Saturday.
Excellent entertainment music from first-class instruments during the presentation of the slides.
Half price for students and children."
I don't know if the house was newly built with a cinema in 1912, it could be. A year later, Hermann Märker opened another cinema in Brandis, a city 25 km away.
The 1912 opened cinema with 200 seats was the only one in Nerchau and closed in 1991.
In its last years it was used as a Café-Kino with 60 seats, where you could have a meal during watching a movie. If you look at the postcard, there was already a Café in this house in 1912, maybe run by Hermann Märker's wife Lina.
Stadtroda is a city with about 5.000 inhabitants in Thuringia. It has a castle and an old monastery, and no more cinema.
The cinema Karl-Marx-Lichtspiele opened in 1955 and closed in 1991. It was newly built with apartments above the cinema hall.
You can see bove the entrance a poster for the film Zwei Mütter / Two Mothers (East Germany 1957, directed by Frank Beyer).
The film was Frank Beyer's graduation film at the Film School of the Academy of Performing Arts (FAMU) in Prague. The film tells the story of two women, one French and the other German, who fight for a child who has been mistakenly taken by the Germans after a bomb raid.
In 1974, Frank Beyer directed the film Jakob der Lügner / Jacob the Liar - the only East German picture ever selected for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
Bali - sounds like wide world and adventure, and only means Bahnhofs-Lichtspiele - Railway Station Cinema. So you can see on this 1959 sent postcard the railway station in Oberhausen and about in the middle the lettering BALI above the showcases and BALI Kino left above the main entrance.
From 1930 to 1934, the station was built in the classic modern style. The Oberhausen architect Schwingel and the Reichsbahnoberrat Karl Herrmann designed the current building with a clear and calm cubist design language.
During the World War II, the station was badly damaged. The reception building hall could not be put back into operation until 1954 in a greatly modified form, a false ceiling was put in to install the Bali cinema in the upper part, and a small shopping arcade was created below it.
The BALI cinema opened as a newsreel cinema operated by AKI (Aktualitätenkino AG). These newsreel cinemas opened with the aim of reducing the waiting time for rail passengers to get to their train connection. The more televisions there were at the homes, the less important newsreel cinemas became. From 1982 there were shown sex films not only in BALI Oberhausen. And finally it was closed in 1984.
Another former newsreel cinema in my collection: Filmtheater Hauptbahnhof in Dresden
Another maximum card showing a cinema building, published in Sweden in 1998. The design was by Eva Lena Johansson, the stamp was made by Piotr Naszarkowski, photo was taken by Kjell Furberg.
Furberg, who worked as a cinema machinist, has made a name for himself as a cinema historian and his book Svenska Biografer / Cinema Theatres in Sweden was published in 2000.
The cinema Röda Kvarn ("Red Mill") was built in 1925 according to drawings by the town architect August Svensson (1886–1935). Opening in February 1926, it had 500 seats in one hall.
What distinguishes the cinema is mainly a magnificent classicist screen façade on two floors that is unparalleled in Sweden. Changes have been made to the interior during the 1950s and 1970s, mainly in terms of surface layers, proscenium and ticket office, but on the whole the interior is well preserved with a lounge, balcony and lower and upper foyer. Many time- and cinema-typical details are preserved. The cinema conveys knowledge about the aesthetic ideals of the 1920s and about the importance that the cinema had as a central entertainment palace during the early 20th century. Its unique façade reflects the ambition to give the cinema and the film a reputation and status as a cultural institution through a pompous architecture.
The cinema has been a building monument since 27 May 1994.
Today cinema Röda Kvarn has five halls with 562 seats at all. It is Halmstad's only cinema.
Cathay Cinema in the Cathay Building was opened on 3 October 1939. The building was the first skyscraper in Singapore and at a height of 83.5 metres the tallest building in Southeast Asia at that time. It was designed by British architect Frank W. Brewer and was the headquarters for the British Malaya Broadcasting Corporation.
The name Cathay is an alternative European historical name for China and from the 1935 founded Cathay Organisation Holdings Limited, a Singapore's leisure and entertainment group.
In 1990, Cathay Organisation opened Singapore's first arthouse cinema, The picturehouse adjacent to Cathay Building. The main Cathay Cinema was then converted into a two-hall cineplex.
Cathay Cinema closed in 2000. The front facade of its theatre building structure was gazetted as a national monument for conservation on 10 February 2003, while the rest of the building structure was later demolished.
The newly built Cathay was opened on 24 March 2006. Today there is the 8-screen Cathay Cineplex.
It's not easy to read the cinema's name in the middle of all these posters.
Queen's Theatre is a cinema in the Singaporean suburb Geylang. It opened in 1930 as Wembley Cinema.
In 1939 the name was changed into Queen's Theatre.
The photo is from autumn 1940 and the advertised movies are:
- Espionage Agent (USA, 1939)
- Siti Akbari (Dutch East Indies, 1940)
- Her Jungle Love (USA, 1940)
- Block-Heads with Laurel & Hardy (USA, 1938).
The writing at the top does not announce a new film: They are greetings for the Muslim Festival of breaking the Fast. Greetings connected with the names of poplar actors Rokiah, Radin Mochtar, Kartolo, Annie Landouw and Titing - all from Indonesia.
Also the poster at the bottom left doesn't advertise a film either: Kronchong is the name of a ukulele-like instrument and an Indonesian musical style. Also popular at the movies.
The cinema was closed in 1982.
In 2000, GrandLink Square was built on the site of the former Queen’s Theatre. Its front facade was kept and become part of the facades of the GrandLink Square.
The Majestic Theatre opened in 1928. It was built as an opera house by buisnessman Eu Tong Sen for one of his wives, who loved Cantonese Opera. Eu also formed an opera troupe for her.
The building was designed by Swan and Maclaren, most prominent architectural firm in Singapore at this time. The centre of the facade is decorated with five Chinese figures, and is framed with a tiled Chinese style border.
The Majestic Theatre was a venue for Cantonese opera until 1938, then it was converted into a cinema. The Shaw Brothers rented the place, renamed it The Queen's Theatre, and used it to screen the latest Cantonese blockbuster films. On the postcard, you can see all the posters advertise movies with Chinese letters.
In 1998 the cinema was closed.
In the early 2000s, the building was renovated into a three-story shopping mall and opened under the name The Majestic on 17 January 2003.
It's a bit strange about Capitol in Singapore: There is Capitol Theatre and Capitol Building (so written on the stamp). Both buildings were built in 1929/30 and stand next to each other. But there is only one cinema opened on 22 May 1930 - the Capitol Theatre.
In the 1930s, the Capitol was the largest and the newest cinema in Singapore.
Movie stars like Charlie Chaplin, Ava Gardner, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks visited the theatre to promote their movies in Singapore.
The advertised movie is Bengal Brigade (USA, 1954).
The first public screening in Singapore was in 1902 at a tent in an open space at the junction of River Valley Road and Hill Street, and that the first movie theatre opened its door in 1904.
Rex Theatre was opened in 1946.
It was designed by Berthel Michael Iversen, a Danish architect. Rex Theatre had to shut down its doors in 1976 due to rampancy of videotape piracy. From then on there were no cinemas in the district.
Here you can find memories and pictures of Rex Theatre.
I got this postcard from Carla from Cologne via Postcrossing. It isn't a published postcard, it was made by herself and internet. An unique postcard.
The movie theater was a project of film producer Bernd Eichinger (1949-2011). He wanted good cinemas for good films, not the box cinemas of the 70s and 80s. A cathedral for movies with large screens, high technology and convenience for everybody. The architect was Eberhard Zeidler.
The centerpiece of the complex with its tuff facade, is the fully glazed rotunda that opens onto the central square of the Media Park and is covered by a dome at a height of over 30 meters. The 30-meter-high building has a large glass facade on its front side facing the square, which allows a view of the interior of the Cinedom at night.
Tody the Cinedom offers 3748 seats in 14 halls, making it the fifth largest German multiplex cinema. Since 1997, the Cinedom has been the cinema with the highest turnover and the highest number of visitors in Germany.
Danke, Carla, für diese Postkarte!
I got this perfect card from Marleen from Belgium via Postcrossing: A view of the New Victoria Cinema in London. I think the photo is from the 1930s.
The building is across from London Victoria Station and today known as Apollo Victoria Theatre.
The theatre opened as the New Victoria Cinema on 15 October 1930 with the movie Old English (United Kingdom, 1930), plus a stage show Hoop-La. It was designed for Provincial Cinematograph Theatres (PCT) by William Edward Trent and Ernest Wamsley Lewis.
The interior is unique and a testament to art deco design.
Seating capacity was originally for 2,860, with 1,076 in the balcony. The stage designed for cine-variety measures 22.56 metres by 7.32 metres.
Film entertainment ended here on 1st November 1975 with the double bill: Legend of the Werewolf (United Kingdom, 1975) and Vampire Circus (United Kingdom, 1972).
The Apollo Victoria became in 1981 a venue for musical theatre, beginning with The Sound of Music, Starlight Express from 1984 to 2002, now the musical Wicked since 2006.
The Apollo Victoria is one of the UK’s best preserved 1930’s ‘super cinemas’ and its unique design and excellent condition fully justify its Grade II* Listed building status which was bestowed by English Heritage in 1972. A real cinema treasure.
Dank u, Marleen!
The postcard is from Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum / Museum of Estonian Architecture. They have written the names of the architects on the postcard: Peeter Tarvas and August Volberg. The photo was taken by Karl Oras.
There are advertised two movies:
- on the right Бессонная ночь / Unetu öö / Sleeples Night (USSR, 1960)
- on the left Зимняя фантазия / Talvi Fantaasia / Winter fantasy (USSR, 1960).
The cinema had from beginning two halls. Today they have 210 seats plus 30 seats in the cinema bar in one hall.
I got this postcard via Postcrossing. Tänud, Marianne!
The cinema opened in 1928 and had 600 places. In 1930 there came sound film, in 1966 the cinema was closed.
I bought this postcard because Sandleiten is an interesting residential area in Vienna. As part of the "Red Vienna" residential building policy, it is an urban residential complex with 1.587 apartments originally built in five stages from 1924 to 1928. The complex, the building blocks of which are mainly divided according to the angle of the sun, is located in the middle of a park-like complex with only a few streets. Its basic concept emerged from an architectural competition and was viewed as an urban planning attempt. The large residential complex was then built according to designs by Otto Schönthal, Emil Hoppe, Franz Matuschek, Siegfried Theiß, Hans Jaksch, Josef Tölk and Franz Krauß.
There were planned not only apartments for 5.000 to 6.000 inhabitants, also doctor's apartments, pharmacies, shops, workshops, an inn and a café, rooms for the police and fire service, laundries, bathing facilities, a kindergarten and a library. And a cinema. Everything you need for a good life.
But I don't know what the date "September 20, 1896" (like written on this postcard) means for Norwegian cinema history. It was the first issue date of the stamp series.
You can see on the stamp:
- Norwegian actor Leif Juster
- Scottish producer and actor Sean Connery and Norwegian actress Liv Ullman
- Norwegian actors Arve Opsahl, Sverre Holm and Carsten Byhring from the Norwegian Olsenbanden
- Norwegian actor, comedian and singer Harald Heide-Steen jr.
On the postcard, you can see the cinema Konsertpaleet. It opened in 1961 and has over time been expanded and merged into a modern multi-storey cinema. Next to it, multiplex cinema Magnus Barfot opened in 2004.
Cinema Milenium in Słupsk - the name points to the future of cinematography. Opened in 1963, it was one of the first in Poland to have a cinerama. It belonged to the ten most important cinemas in Poland .
The cinema inaugurated its activity on April 4, 1963 with a screening of the film Zerwany most (Poland 1962, directed by Jerzy Passendorfer).
Initially, the Milenium cinema had 724 seats in the auditorium, but their number decreased slightly after subsequent renovations and as a result of enlarging the stage. At the beginning of the 1970s, the number of seats was reduced to 640, in 1979 the reclining seats were replaced with new ones, and in 1999 another renovation and modernization of the stage forced the number of seats to be reduced to 600.
On December 16, 2000 the cinema showed its last film: Zerwany most.
Now there is a supermarket in this building.
You can read the advertised movie above the entrance: Lekarstwo na miłość (Poland 1966, directed by Jan Batory).
I found many photos of this cinema here.
Another postcard from Kino International in Berlin.
The cinema advertises the movie Die Befreiung. Teil 1 - Der Feuerbogen. Teil 2 - Der Durchbruch.
Two parts of total 5 from the Soviet movie Освобождение / The Liberation about the World War II, directed by Yuri Ozerov (1969). The movie came to East German cinemas in May 1970 and was shown in 70mm in special cinemas.
The postcard was published in 1971 by Verlag Felix Setecki, Berlin. It was sent in September 1971 to a woman, she lived across the street from my current apartment ...
Alsdorf is a city in West Germany near Aachen and the border to the Netherlands.
The tower was a water tower in Alsdorf, built around 1910 for the waterworks with a capacity of 1000 m³ on a brick shaft. In addition to its value as an architectural monument to the city of Alsdorf, the tower also has a symbolic character for the city and especially for the Cinema Center.
In 1997 the historic water tower got a new interior. The Alsdorf cinema family Stürtz, which has been writing cinema history for Alsdorf since the 1930s, developed the idea of building a completely new kind of cinema and leisure experience space at the same location or in the immediate vicinity. A few meters from the existing cinemas in Rathausstrasse, the old water tower in the middle of Alsdorf, offered itself as an ideal area for the realization of such a project.
The postcard is from 1975, Maybe, the cinema opened just before.
There are (or were) plans for a museum of socialist cars in the large hall of the empty cinema.
At all, Bulgarian films are very unknown. I only remeber watching Tilt in 2013, a film about youth in Bulgaria in the early 1990s. I liked it.
The cinema was built next to the cinema Rīga / Splendid Palace and opened in 1969. Documentaries were mainly shown there without interruption.
Today the building is part of Splendid Palace, the second smaller hall.
Wałbrzych is a city in the Polish Lower Silesian Voivodeship near the Czech border. Until the early 1990s, it was the center of the Lower Silesian coalfield. The city has had the Polish name Wałbrzych since 1945, former it was the German Waldenburg.
The cinema Capitol was built in a modernist style by the architect Ludwig Moshamer. The opening took place on December 28, 1928.
The conversion to the cinema was carried out by Fritz Wilms in the early 1920s based on a preliminary planning by Max Bischoff. On September 12, 1924, the film theater opened. It had 1000 seats for visitors, who, in addition to silent film performances, could also experience variety events with orchestral accompaniment.
After renovations by the architect Karl-August Borchardt, the cinema openes on May 2, 1957 with the film Mazurka der Liebe (Hans Müller, GDR 1957). It was the first DEFA film in Totalvision (the East German equivalent of CinemaScope ) and the Colosseum was now a special place for showing these films.
The Colosseum has been the premiere cinema of East Berlin untill Kosmos and Kino International opened.
From May 1996 till December 1997, the cinema was new constructed to a multiplex cinema by the architects Thies Jentz and Peter Wiesner from the Hamburg architects me di um. The house was converted into a multiplex by nine other halls. But the 50s design of Hall 1 and the original foyer on Schönhauser Allee were also renovated.
The postcard was published in 1957. Cinema advertised the film 4 Herzen in Rom / Roman Tales / Racconti Romani (Gianni Franciolini, Italy 1955).
Its history started in 1876, when it was built as a social hall for dance events. Films were shown here as early as 1906. In 1913, regular film showing began by the cinema owner Joseph Fey. There was one hall with 800 seats. After 1945 the name was changing from Schloss Lindenfels to Lichtspiele Lindenfels. It was used as a cinema untill 1987, when the heating system was broken.
An interesting fact is that cinema operators have been trained in this cinema.
In 1994, the building was reopened for theater and cinema with two halls, now called Schaubühne Lindenfels.
The photo was taken by Olaf Weißhuhn.
He didn't write anything about hospital or cinema.
The postcard is from 1990.
This cinema opened in 1940 in Schwarzheide. The owner was Hans Prinz, he called it Prinz-Lichtspiele. It had 481 places. With the nationalization, the name was changed to Filmbühne.
You can see on this postcard only a sign "Kino" on the left building. This house was on Academic Square 5 in Lemberg, now Shevchenko Avenue No. 28 in Lviv and is still standing. And there has been a Cinema for nearly 100 years.
First cinema Corso was founded in 1912 by engineer Karol Zygmunt Richtmann in his own home on Academic Square, 5. In 1912, the owners of the cinema became the entrepreneurs Herman Opat and Ludwik Kuchar. In the 1920's, a reconstruction project developed by architect-engineer V. Litvinovich expanded the auditorium. In 1926 the cinema was called Warsaw, in the same year its name was changed to Rokoko.
In 1928-1938 - the cinema was called Pan and had 246 seats for spectators. After August 1938, the cinema operated under the name Rialto, which remained until the end of the German occupation (1944). The project was designed by architect-architect Adam Mściwujewski. Made in 1930s styling, it consisted of a light box 4.50 m wide for the cinema repertoire and neon signage. In 1936, the movie theater was headed by Maria Majewska and the owners were Leon and Celina Brenner and Helena Lippel.
After the Second World War cinemas were restored immediately, the cinema was organized in August 1944 with the name Pioneer and in 1950 it was renamed Georges Cinema. In the early 1990's, it was named after Taras Shevchenko.
Since 2012, the Grushevsky Cinema & Jazz restaurant has been located here.
I was delighted to find this information with good pictures here.
Since 1992 there is a drive-in cinema: Autokino Langenhessen - one of the biggest in Germany with three screens. You can see there movies from March till November.
For a long time it was the biggest cinema in East Germany.
In 2011, the cinema underwent the aforementioned digitization, and in 2014 the cinema operation went under the administration of the town.
The movie tells the ordeal of a simple man who lost his house and family in the Second World War. But despite the bitterest experiences, he maintained his belief in the power of man. Patriotism and one-sided hate songs undermine the pacifist message of the visually impressive anti-war film. Still worth reading and seeing.
The film was released in East Germany on 6 November 1959. Kino International was opened on 15 November 1963. So there must be a re-release of this film.
It is not easy to know more about this cinema.
It is as part of the town hall and theatre complex. The large, four-winged building was built in Art Nouveau style according to the plans of Rezső Hikisch and Henrik Kotálalongside in 1906. It includes the administrative functions, including theaters, restaurants and shops. The facades with different colored, torn, plastered facades are decorated with sgraffito-like representations.
In the late 1940s, the cinema was opened there. Cinema and theater still work.
The cinema's founders were Vasily Yemelyanov and Simonis Falstein. Yemaleyanov was also the owner of the cinemas Gloria Palace in Tallinn, Palladium and Forum in Riga
In 1969 the cinema Spartaks was built adjacent to cinema Riga, this is now the small hall.
Splendid Palace is constructed in the Neo-Baroque style with a Neo-Rococo interior. The most impressive part of the cinema is the large hall. Before entering, you will pass through a round lobby decorated with wall and ceiling murals and fitted out with comfortable chairs and sofas from beginning of last century.
At all, the Splendid Palace delighted its visitors with an excellent film program in a great building. And nobody is surprised, that the cinema is now a national architectural monument.