Now it's time for most famous Russian cinema - cinema Rossiya in Moscow.
Opened in 1961, it was the largest cinema hall in Europe and the main cinema hall of the USSR with an audiorium for 2.500 people. In the basement, there were two smaller halls with each 200 seats.
Yury Nikolayevitch Sheverdyaev, Dmitry Sergeyevitch Solopov and Elmira Gadshinskaya were the architects. The cinema was built in 1957-1961 on Pushkin Square on the site of the 1937 demolished Strastnoy Monastery.
Another original solution that transformed the square was a staircase thrown across the street, connecting the foyer with the pedestrian boulevard of Pushkinskaya Square - one of the busiest city squares in the world.
The cinema has always hosted major events, such as the Moscow International Film Festival.
In 1997, the cinema Rossiya was leased to the large film distributor Karo Film, which renovated the theatre and changed its name to Pushkinsky. In 2012, the building was renovated to host musical performances and renamed Rossiya.
Of course, this building is protected as an architectural monument of regional significance.
The cinema Eldorado - the building in front on the right - was opened on 30th December 1949 with The Heiress (USA, 1947). The cinema was designed in a streamline moderne style. A feature of the exterior of the building was the circular marquee, and the open spiral staircase to the balcony level, which began on the street on the right side of the entrance, rather than inside the foyer. The cinema had 730 seats in the orchestra and 270 seats in the balcony.
Next to the cinema Eldorado, the cinema Europe opened in December 1963. In the picture the place is undeveloped. Both cinemas belonged to the family Reckinger.
In June 1982, the Eldorado was converted into a 4-screen cine-centre. The balcony was extended forward to create a hall with 364 seats. The former orchestra seating area was tripled.
Eldorado and Europe were closed in November 1988 and demolished in 1989. Now there is a bank on this place.
Here you can learn more about the history of cinemas in the Grand Duchy Luxembourg.
I don't post normally multiview postcards, but this card is a memory of the 1988 summer I spent there.
The Kulkwitzer See is a lake west of the city Leipzig, not far from the large 1970's development area Grünau (where my vocational school was). The lake emerged from two former brown coal opencast mining. Since 1864, coal has mined there. The two remaining open pit holes were flooded from 1963 and opened as a recreational area in 1973. It is still a popular leisure center to this day. Due to its underwater flora and fauna and its good visibility, the lake is one of the ten best diving waters in Germany.
But there ain't no cinema anymore. The Standkino / Beach Cinema (picture top left) - opened in the 1970s with about 150 seats - burnt down in February 2004.
The construction was a corrugated iron building, looked like half a tin can and you could find it on many summer vacation spots in East Germany - 116 such of these cinemas in 1988. It was a simple construction without air conditioning. On a hot summer day it could be very hot inside.
I met a modern version of these beach cinemas on the island of Hiddensee in summer 2019 - Zeltkino Hiddensee. It is so relaxing to watch a good film in the evening after a beautiful day at the sea.
The building is located directly on the Black Sea. For a long time it was a special children's and youth cinema.
Another cinema in Novorossiysk I blogged: Ukraina.
Beer Sheva is the largest city in southern Israel in the Negev desert - also called the "Capital of the Negev". The city as well as the entire southern region of Israel, has been a test field for modern architecture and planning since modern settlement. The result is partly very successful, partly sobering.
Among these buildings, there is the cinema Oroth Hanegev ("Ligth Cinema") built in the Brutalist Art Moderne style. It was designed by Yaakov Rechter (1924-2001) under the supervision of architect and father Zeev Rechter (1899-1960). The cinema was opened in January 1960 with The Bridge on the River Kwai (USA 1957) and closed in December 1989.
The 800 seat cinema was commissioned by local businessmen, brothers Hillel and Shimon Felchinski.
In December 1989, the cinema was closed. The building is still standing, now boarded up and decaying and still a striking and unique building.
For me, cinema from Israel is very much associated with the black and white film Life according to Agfa (Israel 1992, director Assi Dayan). The film was released in German cinemas in 1994. It was one of the first films that I showed in the small cinema Casablanca. I felt very connected to the young woman with the camera behind the bar. We both wore dungarees at work ...