11.06.2021

Fox Theatre in Detroit / USA

 

Fox Theatre Detroit postcard
I got this postcard from Ron via Postcrossing.

He wrote he is remembering theaters like this.

Today the historic Fox Theatre in Detroit is the largest surviving movie palace of the 1920s with over 5.000 seats. The theatre was fully restored in 1988. But it isn't used as a cinema anymore. You can visit there different venues and concerts.

Thank you. Richard, for this postcard!

04.06.2021

Central Kino in Požega / Croatia

 

This modernistic building with 456 seats in parterre and balcony, opened in 1937 with Charles Chaplin's Modern Times. The architect was Ljudevit Pelzer, who is famous for the cinema Korso/Europe in Osijek. The investors of both cinemas were the brothers Slavko and Bogumil Fleissig from Požega. Although Bogumil Fleissig was a civil engineer and had a construction company, his life is connected with the cinema. Already in 1911, his uncle Dragutin Fleissig, also a civil engineer, opened first cinema in Požega.

The architectural building of the new cinema and the outside area indicated the function of the building itself. On the facade of the building with large wall surfaces, an empty wall screen protruded, which was an unusual and interesting advertisement for the interior, cinema projections. The building is an example of the modern architecture of the 1930s.

The Central Kino was closed on 1st May 1999. Today it is a part of the Saint Teresa of Ávila Cathedral. Unfortunately I couldn't a find a photo from today on internet.

So there isn't any cinema today in Požega, but the local film and video club has been organizing every year the Croatian One-Minute Film Festival since 1993. Požega is really worth visiting.

Kino Edison in Karlovac / Croatia

 

Edison Kino Karlovac postcard 1926

The Edison Cinema was designed and built between 1918 and 1920 based on a project by the Zagreb architects Bruno Bauer and Ed Schoen. It is the first cinema in Croatia, built only for this purpose. There were 470 seats. And it was also the biggest cinema in Croatia.

In the 1930’s, sound films were introduced and in 1957 the first Cinemascope projection took place. From the beginning, Edison has been the most comfortable cinema house in Karlovac and it has always had premiere films on its repertoire.

The cinema is now closed because of renovation. It is going to reopen in 2023. After renovation and equipment, Edison will have two cinemas with a total of 260 seats.

The postcard was sent in 1926 and is still well preserved.

14.05.2021

Moskva in Sankt-Peterburg / Russia

 

cinema Moskva Sankt-Peterburg Leningrad postcard 1960
In 1939, USSR's first three-hall cinema Moscow with 1200 seats was built. Its author is professor arch. Lazar Markovich Khidekel (1904-1986). The cinema was built on the site of the 1922 destroyed Church of St. Catherine in Yekateringof.
The facade of the cinema is faced with natural granite and marble, and the upper part is crowned with a sculptural frieze made by sculptor Igor .V. Krestovsky (1893-1976).
Cinema Moscow was  taken under state protection in 1967. The building is still standing, but there is no cinema.

The postcard is a little special. First, it is described - Soviet postcards in my collection were almost never sent. Second, it is noticeable that the reverse side is not printed at all. Usually there is the address field and numbers for the publication and also the price. The price, on the other hand, is on the front this time: ц. 1 Р. = Price 1 Rubel.


I suspect that the postcard was made and sold by a private person. Soviet DIY.

13.05.2021

Khiva in Tashkent / Uzbekistan

 

cinema Khiva Taskent postcard 1916
Postcards more than 100 years old are like jewels in my colletion. This is a real one. The postcard was sent in March 1916 and is of very good quality. I'm think it is made before 1914. Lilja wrote this postcard to her mother Milda Janson in Rostov-on-Don. The card was stamped in Rosov.
Lilja wrote, that Samarkand and Tashkent are small towns, there are only few Europeans. A postcard with a cinema and a car seems to be a sign of progress.

The cinema Khiva / Хива / Xiva  was built in 1910  by the architect Georgy Mikhailovich Svarichevsky, who was born in 1868 in the city of Chișinău (Kishinev, at this time Bessarabia, today Moldova). Until his death in 1936, he was very actively involved in the development of the city and region of Tashkent.

The owner of the cinema was Grand Duke Nikolai Konstantinovich of Russia (1850–1918), a grandson of Nichosla I of Russia. Nikolai was an officer and a womanizer too. He had an affair with a notorious American woman Fanny Lear. Due to his affair, he stole three valuable diamonds from the revetment of one of the most valuable family icons. He was declared insane and he was banished to Tashkent. He lived there in a newly built Romanov Palace. 

The Grand Duke was engaged in entrepreneurship. He was the owner of a number of enterprises in Tashkent: a soap factory, photographic workshops, billiard rooms, the sale of kvass, rice processing, soap and cotton factories. He was also involved in laying irrigation canals in the Hungry Steppe and was engaged in the improvement of the city of Tashkent. He paved the streets, built a theater, a club, a hospital for the poor, an almshouse, a circus and even a brothel. 

And this cinema, too. It is named after the city Khiva. Nikolai Romanov himself took part in the Khiva campaign in 1873. And not only the name reains the town: The external appearance of the building itself, smoothly plastered with loess clay without any tint, reminded of Khiva's kala buildings. The main corner entrance, with two three-quarter, rounded, slightly tapering upward towers, was stylized as a khan's palace. The auditorium was decorated with a cornice of 1500 blades of Cossack sabers and swords. The curtain depicted a scene of a parade of Russian troops - a copy of a painting by Nikolai Karazin from his famous Khiva Album. In the foyer, cages with monkeys and parrots were located, entertaining the audience before the film, and the walls were decorated with oriental landscapes.

Nikolai Romanov was the owner of the building and rented out the cinema. That was another very lucrative business. As a real monopolist, he already in 1911 bought out several land plots in the old city of Tashkent and built cinemas "Modern", "Sheikhantaur", "Elzhe" and "Moulin Rouge" on them.
It seems, that Tashkent and its region was his own kingdom ...

Max Vysokinsky is another person connected with Tashkent's cinemas. He became famous as a clown and later an enterpreneuer. In 1907, on the territory of the City Garden, he opened the first Tashkent's cinematographic pavilion called Electrobiograph. He later rented the Grand Duke's cinemas with much success.

At the beginning of 1917, the electrotheatre, already known under the name Winter Khiva (since there was also a summer theater Khiva), burned down. In its place, a brick cinema was rebuilt at the expense of the wife of Prince Nadezhda Alexandrovna. It was later given the name Young Guard and was popular until its demolition after the 1966 earthquake.

So many interesting facts about one cinema. This story should be made into a film ...


07.05.2021

125th anniversary of the cinema / Swiss Post

 

This first day letter is a gift from my sister. In December 2020, the cinema celebrated its 125th anniversary. Thanks to the Swiss Post, I was reminded of this. The birthday party was bigger 25 years ago ...

I love these stamps illustrated by Michael Stünzi. Cinema culture changed in the 125 years of its existence. On the left stamp a scene with the projector used by the Lumières is shown, in the middle can be seen classic rolls of film, and on the right there is a digitally presented 3D experience. The cinema audience wears the fashion of the respective era.

I like the creative idea that everyone is sitting in the same two rows, connected through the times (look at the different chairs!) - and printed as stamps together. Maybe the girl left is the older woman in the middle. And the man with the mustache in the middle could be the old man on the right (without the 3D-glasses). The projectionists were not forgotten either. Even if I would have liked it better if the woman in the middle had worn dungarees...

You can see on the envelope a cinema-building in the three ages with people also showing on the stamps. At all, you can tell little stories with these little pictures.

Times are changing and the cinema as a place looking films together will continue. Hopefully! Let's be creative!

01.05.2021

Real Cinema in Madrid / Spain

 

Real Cinema Madrid postcard

The Real Cinema was a movie theater located in Plaza de Isabel II, close to the Teatro Real and the Royal Palace. It opened on May 15, 1920, and was inaugurated by King Alfonso XIII with the screening of the film Francia Pintoresca, El cuarto número 23, La hija del Plata and Vacaciones de Solly. With a capacity for 1000 seats and 54 boxes, it became one of the largest cinemas in Spain.

The cinema was designed by architect Teodore de Anasagasti. He was also the architect of two other Madrid cinemas: the Monumental Cinema (1923, now Teatro Monumental) and El Cisne / Chueca.

In 1923, an outdoor cinema was installed on the roof of the Real Cinema, with a capacity for 800 people.

In 1931, the Spanish Second Republic began and the cinema’s name was changed to Cine de Opera. At the start of the Spanish Civil War, a bomb caused incendiary damage to the building. The cinema re-opened in 1943.

The building was renovated between 1964 and 1965. In 1967 the cinema was remodelled to become the Cinerama for the screening of 70 mm films and the auditorium was later remodelled to accommodate 1400 seats.

In 1992, the company that owns the building hired architect Gilbert Lopez-Atalaya to renovate, so that there would be a new multiplex of four auditoriums, the largest auditorium having 400 seats and the other auditoriums totalling 670 seats.

In 2020 it was completely demolished. Today there is a hotel.

The postcard is from a postcard book, there is a perforation on the left to make it easier to tear off. You can read below the name Real Cinema "Empresa Sagarra" - the name of the cinema company. Unfortuntally, it is not possible to read the names of the advertised films.

Cinema Burg Vogelsang in Schleiden / Germany

 

Cinema Burg Vogelsang Schleiden postcard
The Cinema on castle Vogelsang is the low building with the writing Cinema. It was built in the 1950s.
In 1934, the construction of the castle Vogelsang started as one of three so called Ordensburg for training the next generation of leaders of the NSDAP.
After the Second World War, the complex was taken over by the British army, who set up the military training area on 6354 hectares in the surrounding area. From 1950 to the end of 2005 the Belgian military used the area as a military training area and built other buildings on the site of the former Ordensburg. The already completed base and outer walls of the Haus des Wissens (House of Knowledge) planned by the National Socialists were used for the construction of the soldiers' accommodation Van Dooren, so that the angled architectural style is similar to the construction of the buildings from the Nazi era. The Belgian military cinema (later a theater) was built on the neighboring foundation of a planned auditorium. 
The castle has been under monument protection since 1989. In 2016, the Vogelsang International Place with the Nazi documentation Vogelsang and the Eifel National Park Center opened.
The cinema was reopened in 2012. The hall with about 200 seats has been renovated and now shines in the splendor of the 1950s.

25.04.2021

Schauburg St. Pauli in Hamburg / Germany

In the course of time there were a total of 12 cinemas called Schauburg in Hamburg. The Schauburg on the postcard is Schauburg St. Pauli  - also called Schauburg am Millerntor

On February 24, 1927, the Schauburg am Millerntor opened directly next to the Trichter dance hall on the Reeperbahn. The Schauburg was designed by the architect Carl Winand (1879-1955) in the style of the New Objectivity and had 1,800 seats. The cinema was opened with the film Laster der Menschheit / The Vice of Himanity (Germany 1926), directed by Rudolf Meinert starring Asta Nielsen. She herself was there on this evening. The newspaper wrote: "In precious garb, with a gold ribbon stretched over her forehead, she deigned to watch the game on the white wall from the rank box in the company of her male state."

The first sound film was shown here in Hamburg on January 23, 1929. It was the German film Ich küsse Ihre Hand, Madame / I kiss your hand, Madame with Marlene Dietrich.

The Schauburg was destroyed in an air raid on May 4, 1942. 

Today there isn't any cinema called Schauburg in Hamburg.

On the postcard you can see advertising for the film Die große und die kleine Welt above the entrance and next to the door with Viktor de Kowa and Heinrich George, directed by Johannes Riemann. The film came on March 20, 1936 to German cinemas.

The postcard was sent to the Döhnert siblings from Hamburg to Dresden in 1938. Döhnert was a piano manufacturer in Dresden and the family lived in this house

23.04.2021

Strandbühne in Kühlungsborn / Germany

Strandbühne Kühlungsborn postcard 1959

 Kühlungsborn has the longest beach promenade in Germany. And there you could find the cinema Strandbühne (Beach Stage). It opened in 1937, planed by the architect Hinrich Plähn. The building was used as a theater and cinema with 399 seats.

A year later, the Reichsstatthalter in Mecklenburg, Friedrich Hildebrandt, awards the municipality the town charter and the name Ostseebad Kühlungsborn in this building.

The postcard was published in 1959, showing the 1958 reconstructed cinema (now with 435 seats). 

The cinema was closed in the 1990s, a restaurant was opened.